In the last three days, the ESR call centre recorded 120 cases across the six regions of Somaliland. The issues recorded include clan conflict, drought, insecurity and COVID_ 19 instances. Currently, the information is received from the public and the election monitoring committees set up by SONSAF under the ESR reporting and mitigating mechanism.
The following conflict-related cases were considered severe or high incidents, especially the clan-related recorded in Buhodle (3), LasAnod (1), Baki (1), and Borma (1), as predicted by the pre-election reports these areas are renowned for clan related clashes. The National CSO EMC verified the issues reported to the MoI election command centre and all, but one case is resolved. The active case in LasAnod is currently under investigation by law enforcement. Graph 1 highlights the conflict-related issues.
Graph 1: Conflict-related cases reported
The other issues recorded affecting the election stands 48 droughts and 3 Covid-19 related issues. The 48-drought related were recorded from five regions/districts (Sahil 44, Erigavo, 1, Taleex 1, Lughaya 1 and Buuhoodle 1). Meanwhile, the three Covid-19 cases were noted from Gabiley, Taleex and Erigavo.
The drought cases recorded amounted to 92% of the overall cases, while Erigavo, Baligubadle, Tales, and Lughaya reported one case each, as illustrated in graph 2.
Graph 2: Droughts related cases
Major incident drivers:
The hot spots:
Clan conflict hot
Violence against women:
The action was taken towards the incident:
We can conclude that the pre-election has passed us peacefully without any significant conflicts been reported. However, as the election days draw closer, the ESR expects a large volume of reported incidents since there will be an additional 880 conflict observers dispatched in the field to report conflict-related incidents.